THE CLASSIFICATION OF ART

There is no generally accepted meaning of art. Although art is regularly used to portray something of beauty, or a skill which creates an aesthetic outcome, there is no unmistakable line in principle between (say) a one of a kind piece of handmade sculpture, and a mass-produced yet visually attractive item. We may state that art requires thought – some kind of creative motivation – however this brings up more questions: for instance, what amount of thought is required? In the event that someone filing paint at a canvas, hoping by this action to create a work of art, does the result consequently comprise art? However we can say art is the expression or use of human creative skill and creative mind, regularly in a visual form, for example, painting or sculpture, producing works to be acknowledged basically for their beauty or emotional power.

What are the classification of art

Traditional and contemporary art incorporates activities as various as:

Architecture, music, opera, theatre, dance, painting, sculpture, illustration, drawing, cartoons, printmaking, ceramics, stained glass, photography, installation, video, film and cinematography, just to mention few.

All these activities are commonly referred to as “the Arts” and are usually classified into several overlapping classification, such as: fine, visual, plastic, decorative, applied, and performing.

Fine art:

This category includes works of art that are created primarily for aesthetic reasons. Fine arts include:

  • Drawing – charcoal, chalk, crayon, pastel, pencil, or pen and ink
  • Painting – oils, watercolor, gouache, acrylics, ink and wash, tempera, or encaustic paints
  • Printmaking – woodcuts, stencils, engraving, etching and lithography, or screen-printing, foil imaging, or giclee prints
  • Sculpture – bronze, stone, marble, wood, or clay
  • Calligraphy – beautiful and stylized handwriting

Visual art:

Visual art includes all the fine arts as well as new media and contemporary forms of expression such as:

  • New media – digital art, computer graphics, computer animation, virtual art, Internet art, interactive art, video games, computer robotics, 3D printing, and art as biotechnology
  • Photography art
  • Environmental art
  • Contemporary forms of expression – assemblage, collage, conceptual, installation

Plastic art:

The term plastic art commonly denotes three-dimensional works utilizing materials that can be moulded, shaped or manipulated (plasticized) in some way: such as, clay, plaster, stone, metals, wood (sculpture), paper (origami) and so on.

Decorative art:

This category traditionally denotes functional but ornamental art forms, such as works in glass, clay, wood, metal, or textile fabric. This includes all forms of jewellery and mosaic art, as well as ceramics, (exemplified by beautifully decorated styles of ancient pottery).

Performing art:

This type refers to public performance events. Traditional varieties include, theatre, opera, music, and ballet. Contemporary performance art also includes any activity in which the artist’s physical presence acts as the medium. Thus it encompasses, mime, face or body painting, and the like. A hyper-modern type of performance art is known as Happenings.

Applied art:

This category encompasses the application of aesthetic designs to everyday functional objects. Applied arts are intended for the use of a career. It includes architecture, computer art, photography, industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, and interior design.

 

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